Direct Impacts of Climate Change on Freshwater Ecosystems
Nickus, Ulrike; Bishop, Kevin; Erlandsson, Martin; Evans, Chris D.; Forsius, Martin; Laudon, Hjalmar; Livingstone, David M.; Monteith, Don; Thies, Hansjorg. 2010 Direct Impacts of Climate Change on Freshwater Ecosystems. In: Kernan, Martin; Battarbee, Richard W.; Moss, Brian, (eds.) Climate Change Impacts on Freshwater Ecosystems. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing, 38-64.Full text not available from this repository.
Changing climate is already having an impact on the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of freshwater ecosystems, both directly through changes in air temperature and precipitation and indirectly through interaction with other stressors. In future, non-climatic impacts should be reduced if pollutant loadings decrease and surface-water ecosystems are progressively restored. But global warming is very likely to continue, even if greenhouse gases and aerosols are kept constant at year 2000 levels, giving rise to a minimum projected average further increase in air temperature by 0.6°C by the end of this century (IPCC 2007). Changes in the characteristics of freshwater ecosystems as illustrated here are likely to continue and will become much more pronounced as greenhouse gas emissions rise and ecosystems cross critical thresholds that cause abrupt nonlinear system shifts to occur.
|Item Type:||Publication - Book Section|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/9781444327397.ch3|
|Programmes:||CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Water > WA Topic 1 - Variability and Change in Water Systems > WA - 1.3 - Model, attribute and predict impacts of climate and land cover change on hydrological and freshwater systems
CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biogeochemistry > BGC Topic 1 - Monitoring and Interpretation of Biogeochemical and Climate Changes > BGC - 1.3 - Quantify & attribute changes in biogeochemiical cycles ...
|Additional Keywords:||North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), General Circulation Models (GCMs), Regional Climate Model (RCM), Global circulation models (GCMs), chemical oxygen demand (COD), physical impact, chemical impacts|
|NORA Subject Terms:||Ecology and Environment
|Date made live:||30 Nov 2010 14:54|
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