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A compilation of parameters for ecosystem dynamics models of the Scotia Sea-Antarctic Peninsula region

Hill, S.L.; Reid, K.; Thorpe, S.E.; Hinke, J.; Watters, G.M.. 2007 A compilation of parameters for ecosystem dynamics models of the Scotia Sea-Antarctic Peninsula region. CCAMLR Science, 14. 1-25.

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Abstract/Summary

Expansion of the krill fishery in the Scotia Sea – Antarctic Peninsula region beyond the current precautionary catch limit requires the development and assessment of methods for subdividing the regional catch limit amongst smaller spatial units. This contribution compiles parameters for use in the ecosystem dynamic models that are needed to assess these methods. These parameters include life history and krill consumption parameters for the fish, whale, penguin and seal species that feed on krill in this region. Maximum krill transport rates are also derived from the OCCAM global ocean circulation model. This parameter set, like most others, is associated with considerable uncertainty, which must be taken into account when it is used. The sources, assumptions and calculations at every stage of the compilation process are therefore detailed and plausible limits for parameter values are provided where possible. The results suggest that fish are the major krill consumers in all SSMUs, with perciform fish taking as much krill as whales, penguins and fur seals combined and myctophid fish taking double that amount. However estimates of krill consumption per unit predator biomass suggest that this is an order of magnitude higher in penguins and seals than in whales and fish.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Global Science in the Antarctic Context (2005-2009) > DISCOVERY 2010 - Integrating Southern Ocean Ecosystems into the Earth System
ISSN: 1023-4063
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Articles published in CCAMLR Science are freely available on the CCAMLR website. Please use the link to obtain a copy of this article. A working paper version of this article is available elsewhere in NORA at http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/17564/
Additional Keywords: Small scale management unit, Scotia sea, krill-predator-fishery model, life history, krill consumption, ecosystem model
NORA Subject Terms: Marine Sciences
Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 20 Nov 2007 13:15
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/1229

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