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The changing role of hydrogeology in semi-arid southern and eastern Africa

Robins, N.S.; Davies, J.; Farr, J.L.; Calow, R.C.. 2006 The changing role of hydrogeology in semi-arid southern and eastern Africa. Hydrogeology Journal, 14 (8). 1483-1492. 10.1007/s10040-006-0056-x

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Abstract/Summary

Much of southern and eastern Africa is semi-arid and heavily groundwater dependent. Borehole drilling commenced over a hundred years ago with magnetic and electrical resistivity surveys for borehole siting being introduced from 1936. Formalised training of hydrogeologists led in the 1970s to an almost standard approach to hydrogeological investigation and a period of stability followed, during which some major investigations were carried out. A period of decentralisation and fragmentation has since taken place in many parts of southern and eastern Africa, and groundwater monitoring and management are inadequate in many countries. All but six of the 14 SADC (Southern African Development Community) member states reportedly have an adequate monitoring network in place. However, groundwater demand is increasing and hydrogeologists need to promote the use of appropriate methodologies as an essential part of tackling the severe issues now facing the water sector in the region.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/s10040-006-0056-x
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Groundwater Management
ISSN: 14312174
Additional Keywords: GroundwaterBGS, Groundwater, International development
Related URLs:
Date made live: 18 Nov 2010 15:46
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/12220

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