Improving acoustic estimates of krill: experience from repeat sampling of northern krill (Meganyctiphanes norvegica) in Gullmarsfjord, Sweden
Everson, Inigo; Tarling, Geraint A.; Bergstrom, Bo. 2007 Improving acoustic estimates of krill: experience from repeat sampling of northern krill (Meganyctiphanes norvegica) in Gullmarsfjord, Sweden. ICES Journal of Marine Sciences, 64 (1). 39-48. 10.1093/icesjms/fsl010Full text not available from this repository.
A series of eight replicated acoustic surveys, four by day and four by night, was undertaken in Gullmarsfjord on the Swedish west coast during two 24-h periods on 8 and 10 September 2003, using a calibrated echosounder operating at 120 and 38 kHz. The difference in signal strength (Sv) was used to distinguish northern krill (Meganyctiphanes norvegica) from other acoustic scatterers. The approach is concluded to be very effective, but it can be improved greatly by applying the following series of simple extensions to current protocols: first, set a very low threshold on both frequencies to minimize sampling bias; second, undertake tests to confirm that the data extracted from each acoustic frequency apply to the same scatterers; third, ensure that the range of Sv is not greater than the TSrange at either frequency; and finally, when abundance estimation is the primary aim, arrange for sampling at the time of day and using the acoustic frequency that together provide the least variance.
|Item Type:||Publication - Article|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1093/icesjms/fsl010|
|Programmes:||BAS Programmes > Global Science in the Antarctic Context (2005-2009) > DISCOVERY 2010 - Integrating Southern Ocean Ecosystems into the Earth System|
|Additional Keywords:||Acoustic surveys, Euphausiids|
|NORA Subject Terms:||Zoology|
|Date made live:||12 Nov 2007 14:49|
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