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Environmental microarray analyses of Antarctic soil microbial communities

Yergeau, Etienne; Schoondermark-Stolk, Sung A.; Brodie, Eoin L.; Déjean, Sébastien; DeSantis, Todd Z.; Gonçalves, Olivier; Piceno, Yvette M.; Andersen, Gary L.; Kowalchuk, George A.. 2009 Environmental microarray analyses of Antarctic soil microbial communities. ISME Journal, 3 (3). 340-351. 10.1038/ismej.2008.111

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Abstract/Summary

Antarctic ecosystems are fascinating in their limited trophic complexity, with decomposition and nutrient cycling functions being dominated by microbial activities. Not only are Antarctic habitats exposed to extreme environmental conditions, the Antarctic Peninsula is also experiencing unequalled effects of global warming. Owing to their uniqueness and the potential impact of global warming on these pristine systems, there is considerable interest in determining the structure and function of microbial communities in the Antarctic. We therefore utilized a recently designed 16S rRNA gene microarray, the PhyloChip, which targets 8741 bacterial and archaeal taxa, to interrogate microbial communities inhabiting densely vegetated and bare fell-field soils along a latitudinal gradient ranging from 51 degrees S (Falkland Islands) to 72 degrees S (Coal Nunatak). Results indicated a clear decrease in diversity with increasing latitude, with the two southernmost sites harboring the most distinct Bacterial and Archaeal communities. The microarray approach proved more sensitive in detecting the breadth of microbial diversity than polymerase chain reaction-based bacterial 16S rRNA gene libraries of modest size (similar to 190 clones per library). Furthermore, the relative signal intensities summed for phyla and families on the PhyloChip were significantly correlated with the relative occurrence of these taxa in clone libraries. PhyloChip data were also compared with functional gene microarray data obtained earlier, highlighting numerous significant relationships and providing evidence for a strong link between community composition and functional gene distribution in Antarctic soils. Integration of these PhyloChip data with other complementary methods provides an unprecedented understanding of the microbial diversity and community structure of terrestrial Antarctic habitats.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1038/ismej.2008.111
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Global Science in the Antarctic Context (2005-2009) > Biodiversity, Functions, Limits and Adaptation from Molecules to Ecosystems
ISSN: 1751-7362
Additional Keywords: Antarctic soil ecosystems; GeoChip microarray; microbial community structure; microbial diversity; PhyloChip microarray
NORA Subject Terms: Agriculture and Soil Science
Biology and Microbiology
Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 18 Nov 2010 11:38
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/11380

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