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Egg production and associated losses of carbon, nitrogen and fatty acids from maternal biomass in Calanus finmarchicus before the spring bloom

Mayor, Daniel J.; Anderson, Thomas R.; Pond, David W.; Irigoien, Xabier. 2009 Egg production and associated losses of carbon, nitrogen and fatty acids from maternal biomass in Calanus finmarchicus before the spring bloom. Journal of Marine Systems, 78 (4). 505-510. 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2008.12.019

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Abstract/Summary

We present concurrent data on ingestion, egg production and the loss of maternal biomass in pre-spring bloom female Calanus finmarchicus incubated under conditions representative of those in situ in the North Atlantic. A balanced metabolic budget was constructed and used to examine the relative importance of ingestion and biomass for fuelling egg production during the incubations. Ingested carbon was not sufficient to meet the observed demands for egg production. More than 80% of the carbon utilised by the females was instead derived from their biomass. Fatty acid analysis demonstrated that the storage reserves, 20:1 (n-9) and 22:1 (n-11), were virtually absent before experimentation began, and therefore could not have been used to supply the carbon required for egg production during the incubations. The C:N mass-specific ratio of the biomass utilised was 4.1, suggesting that the females had instead catabolised protein in order to meet their metabolic demands. These results suggest that C finmarchicus adopts a sacrificial reproductive strategy when food availability is low. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2008.12.019
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Polar Science for Planet Earth (2009 - ) > Ecosystems
ISSN: 0924-7963
NORA Subject Terms: Marine Sciences
Biology and Microbiology
Zoology
Date made live: 08 Nov 2010 12:09
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/11149

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