A review of modelling tools for implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive in handling diffuse water pollution
Yang, Y.S.; Wang, L.. 2010 A review of modelling tools for implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive in handling diffuse water pollution. Water resources management, 24 (9). 1819-1843. 10.1007/s11269-009-9526-yBefore downloading, please read NORA policies.
A numerical catchment-scale model capable of simulating diffuse water pollution is necessary in sustainable environmental management for better implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive. This paper provides critical reviews of most popular and free models for diffuse water modelling, with detailed sources and application potential. Based upon these reviews, further work of selecting and testing the HSPF model was carried out, with a case study in the Upper Bann Catchment, Northern Ireland. The calibrated and validated HSPF model can well represent the characteristics of surface water quantity and quality. Climate change scenario evaluation in 5 years showed that when the annual mean temperature increase 3◦C the mean yearly total runoff volume will decrease by 11.1% and the mean daily river flow 11.4%. If 20% crop and pasture land is converted into forest land in the study area, the mean river concentration of nitrate, nitrite, NH4 and PO4 in 5 years will decrease by 19.4%, 33.3%, 31.3% and 31.3% respectively. When applying filter strip method in 80% crop and pasture land in the area, the reduction of the mean concentration of nitrate, nitrite, NH4 and PO4 in 5 years will be 15.3%, 33.3%, 31.3%, and 5.6% respectively. This study shows that HSPF is a suitable model in handling diffuse source water pollution, which can be introduced into the Programme of Measures in the River Basin Management Plans for better implementation of the EUWFD.
|Item Type:||Publication - Article|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s11269-009-9526-y|
|Programmes:||BGS Programmes 2010 > Groundwater Science|
|Additional Keywords:||GroundwaterBGS, Groundwater, Groundwater modelling, Diffuse pollution, Groundwater protection|
|NORA Subject Terms:||Earth Sciences|
|Date made live:||10 Sep 2010 14:21|
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