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Measurements of NOx emissions from the Antarctic snowpack

Jones, A.E.; Weller, R.; Anderson, P.S.; Jacobi, H.-W.; Wolff, E.W.; Schrems, O.; Miller, H.. 2001 Measurements of NOx emissions from the Antarctic snowpack. Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (8). 1499-1502.

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Abstract/Summary

It has been shown that NOx is produced photochemically within the snowpack of polar regions. If emitted to the atmosphere, this process could be a major source of NOx in remote snowcovered regions. We report here on measurements made at the German Antarctic station, Neumayer, during austral summer 1999, aimed at detecting and quantifying emissions of NOx from the surface snow. Gradients of NOx were measured, and fluxes calculated using local meteorology measurements. On the 2 days of flux measurements, the derived fluxes showed continual release from the snow surface, varying between similar to0 and 3x10(8) molecs/cm(2)/s. When not subject to turbulence, the variation was coincident with the uv diurnal cycle, suggesting rapid release once photochemically produced. Scaling the diurnal average of Feb. 7th (1.3x10(8) molecs/cm(2)/s) suggests an annual emission over Antarctica of the order 0.0076TgN.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Other
BAS Programmes > Antarctic Science in the Global Context (2000-2005) > Signals in Antarctica of Past Global Changes
ISSN: 00948276
NORA Subject Terms: Meteorology and Climatology
Earth Sciences
Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 12 Aug 2010 13:33
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/10150

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